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Two Tramway Strikes in North East England 1922

Gordon Morris and Martin Levy

Background

The TGWU was formed on 1 January 1922. Within weeks it was involved two bitter strikes in the tramway industry in North East England, by members at Newcastle upon Tyne Corporation Transport, and at the privately-owned Sunderland District Electric Tramway Company. To understand how these two different disputes arose and were fought, it is necessary to situate them in the context of the time. When the TGWU came into being,