1932 - 1945
Walter Togwell (1917-2000)
Walter Togwell (1917-2000), from London, arrived in Spain to join the International Brigades on 27 April 1937 and left Spain in December 1938. This is his TGWU membership card from the Marx Memorial Library’s Spanish Collection.
The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)
Most of the 2,500 International Brigade volunteers who went to fight fascism in Spain were manual workers from Britain’s mines, docks, shipyards, depots and factories.
Many were already trade union activists. They understood that fascism was a threat to the labour movement and the international working class.
Ernest Bevin (1881-1951)
Bevin was the first General Secretary of the Transport and General Workers’ Union. In the post-war Attlee government Bevin was Minister of Labour and National Service.
The National Unemployed Workers Movement
The NUWM was founded in 1921 by Wal Hannington in response to the economic crash and high levels of unemployment following the first world war. His archive including flyers, reports and correspondence, is held by the Marx Memorial Library.